NATURE

Estonia is famous for its untouched and diverse natural richness. This Nordic country really has so much to offer to anyone who wishes to spend quality time in peace and quiet surrounded by the stunning nature in uninhabited spaces.

Estonia offers a very rich variety of natural landscapes. There are forests, bogs, alvars and coastline, water and wooden meadows - all offering home for a wide range of different species of plants, animals and birds that have become rare in Europe.

Explore Estonian virgin forests where it is quite common to see some of its numerous inhabitants like rabbits, foxes, elks, wild boars, roebucks, deer, lynxes and European minks and sometimes even rare flying squirrels and bears.

The numerous Estonian bogs have preserved its untouched nature.

Enjoy hundreds of kilometres of intact coastline with white sand and pure seawater.

FORESTS

There are not so many countries in Europe that can boast that more than half of its territory is covered with forests.

In the wintertime one can enjoy the silence of the forests when in springtime blackbirds, cuckoos and chaffinches fill the woodlands with its beautiful voice and rejoice the listeners with its songs!

In Estonian Nordic forest where the most common trees are birches, spruces and pines, one can easily encounter some of its inhabitants like elks, deer, foxes, wild boars, beavers, lynxes, bears and wolves. Much of the forests are protected areas where many endangered species like European mink, dormouse and flying squirrel still thrive. Estonia’s forests are managed less intensely than those in Western Europe and their drainage has been less efficient. Therefore, the biological diversity is often higher than elsewhere.

Forests are sacred place for Estonian people - through centuries, forests have been the only source for food and building materials, moreover Estonian sacred wood spirits and nature gods lived there.

ISLANDS

Estonia has more than 1500 islands with spectacular charm and enchanting ancient history. The biggest islands are Saaremaa, Hiiumaa, Vormsi, Muhu, Kihnu and Ruhnu.

An island getaway is a paradise of tranquillity and natural intactness, perfect for finding equilibrium and inner-peace.

As Estonia is located on one of the major migratory highways of the continent, the small and uninhabited coastal islands create a perfect habitat and stopover for migrating birds. You can also see some protected species like the swan, barnacle goose and eider among many others.

Characteristic islands with a striking history in the Gulf of Tallinn easily accessible from the capital are Aegna and Naissaar. As some other small islands, they feature a bizarre combination of untouched nature and Soviet military equipment.

Estonian islands offer a true rustic beach experience and Ruhnu Island is especially known for its most beautiful beaches.

 

PRISTINE BEACHES

The long and spectacular Estonian coastline surprises with its white sandy deserted beaches. Walking, horse riding or sunbathing with no one in sight can be quite a unique experience in today’s overpopulated reality.

Who prefers a more social holiday can take advantage of many beautiful public beaches that can be crowded during the sunny summer weekends. Nudist can enjoy the famous Pärnu women only beach section.

LAKES

Estonia is known as a country of thousand lakes. There are about 1200 natural lakes whose water area exceeds 1 ha.

The largest of these is Lake Peipsi, which is also the fourth largest freshwater lake in Europe.

Another quite a big lake is Võrtsjärv, famous for it rich fish population and delicacies like pikeperch and eel.

Many beautiful lakes could be found in the panoramic scenery of Southern Estonia.

 

LAKES
LAKES

BOGS

Estonia is called the kingdom of bogs as one quarter of the land is covered in marches.

Estonian numerous bogs tracks are rarely seen elsewhere in Europe.

The biggest is Soomaa “Bogland” National Park with its 5 bogs is also UNESCO World Heritage List.

 

WILDLIFE

Estonian wildlife biodiversity is amongst one of the most spectacular in northern Europe. The virgin forests and untouched wetlands are home to many endangered species. It is common to see wild orchids, rare migratory birds, and when you are lucky even lynxes, wolves, bears and many of the European rare animals, birds and plants.

Wild animals find Estonian climate and ecological conditions suitable. Presently there are 65 different species of mammals living in Estonian forests, among them brown bears, wolves, lynx, fox, roe, elk, wild bears, deer and others. Many European species extinct in other countries could still be found in Estonia. For example a species typical of taiga forests, the flying squirrel that is extremely rarely found around the world, still survives in Estonian forests.

Estonia has gained one of the most prominent bird-watching destination statuses in the world – during spring and autumn thousands of migratory birds make their stopover on Estonia’s coastal areas and small islands. Together with the regularly nesting birds, Estonia counts about 340 different bird species. The Estonian national bird is the barn swallow.

There are 65 fish species living in Estonian waters. As the level of salt in the Baltic Sea is very low, the same species live in lake and sea. Typical marine species originated from Atlantic are Baltic herring and sprat.